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investment into the extractive industries and many Mexicans' sense that they national patrimony was being usurped by foreigners became the impetus during the framing of the Constitution of 1917 to return sovereignty to the nation via Article. The Mexican Mining Industry, 18901950: A Study of the Interaction of Politics, Economics, and Technology. Restored republic, 186776 edit The seeds of economic modernization were laid under the Restored Republic (186776 following the fall of the French-backed empire of Maximilian of Habsburg (186267). 78 In the early republic, other industries developed on a modest scale, including glass, paper, and beer brewing. As the crown began limiting the encomienda in the mid-sixteenth century to prevent the development of an independent seigneurial class, Spaniards who had become land owners acquired permanent and part-time labor from Indian and mixed-race workers. 92 As the railroad system improved, and as the population grew in the western.S., long-distance commercial agriculture became viable, and both.S. "Industrialization, Foreign Capital, and Technology Transfer: The Mexican Experience, 19301985." Development and Change (sage. The following year, Salinas took his next step toward higher capital inflows by lowering domestic borrowing costs, reprivatizing the banking system, and broaching the idea of a free-trade agreement with the United States. Peter Bakewell, Silver Mining and Society in Colonial Mexico: Zacatecas.

Berkeley: University of California Press 1943. Hernndez, "The Crimes and Consequences. 32 The bulk of luxury yard goods were imported from northern Europe via Spain. The agreement not only normalized diplomatic relations, but also opened the way for.S. Following civil war and a foreign intervention, the late nineteenth century found political stability and economic prosperity during the presidential regime of General. They had the advantage of economies of scale that smaller holders and Indian villages did not in cultivation of grains, pulque, sugar, and sisal and in ranching, with cattle and sheep. Investments in land and other properties rose from near zero in 1880s.7 million in 1910s. By 1988 (de la Madrid's final year as President) inflation was at last under control, fiscal and monetary discipline attained, relative price adjustment achieved, structural reform in trade and public-sector management underway, and the economy was bound for recovery. "A Curious Capital Flow: Canadian Investment in Mexico, 19021910 Business History Review 58(1984). 93 The bilingual son of.S. Outcasts in Their Own Land: Mexican Industrial workers. Although New Spain had been the major producer of silver and the greatest source of income for the Spanish crown, Mexico ceased to produce silver in any significant amounts until the late nineteenth century.